Buying A Handgun In Washington State
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Wash. Rev. Code 9.94.043 makes it a crime to knowingly bring a firearm onto the premises of a state correctional institution (the buildings or adjacent grounds) where those have been posted with notices regarding the weapons ban. A person with a valid carry license may bring a handgun and check it immediately with the appropriate authority and reclaim it on leaving, but must immediately and directly depart from the premises.
No dealer may deliver a handgun unless the buyer produces a valid state concealed pistol license, or the dealer is notified by the chief of police or the sheriff of the jurisdiction where the buyer resides that the buyer is eligible to possess a handgun and that the application to purchase is approved, or the background check or wait period requirements in Wash. Rev. Code 9.41.092 have been met (successful background check or ten business days have elapsed since the date the NICS check was initiated; if the buyer does not have a valid permanent Washington driver's license or state ID card or has not been a resident of the state for the previous consecutive ninety days, the time period is 60 days).
If the individual hopes to buy a handgun, the shop would then check for a concealed carry permit. Pinto said for all handguns, you would also fill out a state form. Should you not have a concealed carry permit, that form gets sent to the police jurisdiction in which you live, and they do a background check. Either way, according to state law, your information would be sent through local AND federal (NICS) databases. For long guns, only the federal database is checked.
The state will require you to fill out a Federal-Firearm Transaction Record and a Washington State DOL Firearms Transfer Application. You will need to fill out personal information, as well as the specifications of the handgun you intend to purchase (such as make and model, caliber, serial number, and a brief description).
The state of Washington Gun Laws considered the rights of gun and non-gun owners when they crafted the order restraining illegal possession of firearms and other gun regulations. You need to follow four easy steps to qualify for purchasing handguns and apply for a concealed pistol license to carry a concealed firearm legally.
(2) Section 1 of this act expires six months after the date on which the Washington state patrol determines that a single point of contact firearm background check system, for purposes of the federal Brady handgun violence prevention act (18 U.S.C. Sec. 921 et seq.), is operational in the state.
People buying pistols go through a more rigorous process, which generally includes a 10-day waiting period before they can receive the gun. During that period, local law enforcement in the places where potential buyers live are tasked with contacting the FBI database. They then conduct additional checks through Washington state databases, like the state Health Care Authority and the Washington State Patrol, and potentially local court records.
One big logistical reason is because background checks are centered around the purchase of a gun using the applications filled out when buying a firearm. The Department of Licensing keeps some of that information from those applications on file, but neither Washington state nor the federal government keeps actual records on who owns guns.
Federal law sets a dangerously low minimum age for buying firearms. While the law requires a person to be 21 to purchase a handgun from a licensed firearm dealer, it only requires a person to be 18 to buy a long gun, including an assault weapon, from a dealer. The law is even weaker for purchases from unlicensed sellers, with a 18-year old minimum age for handguns and no minimum age for long guns. Many states have raised the age, barring handgun sales to people under 21 and long gun sales to people under 18. The strongest policies generally bar all purchases before a person turns 21. A full discussion on Prohibitors is here.
Lax gun laws that allow dangerous people to have easy access to guns without background checks increase the risk officers face on the job. Indeed, in states that have closed the private sale loophole and require background checks for the private sale of handguns, 39 percent fewer law enforcement officers are shot to death with handguns.
Since 1998, 6,227 prohibited domestic abusers have tried to buy a gun from a licensed dealer in Washington state but were prevented from doing so because of a background check. Yet each of these individuals could have evaded the law simply by going to a gun show or online and purchasing one from an unlicensed seller who is not required to perform a background check. In fact, that is exactly how Aaron Newport purchased the gun he used to murder Monique Williams. Newport was prohibited from possessing guns because of his history of domestic violence and failed a background check when he attempted to buy a gun from a licensed gun dealer. However, he then bought a gun from a private seller online without a background check and with no questions asked. In states that require background checks for all sales of handguns, 38 percent fewer women are shot and killed by intimate partners.
While the majority of hate crimes do not result in fatalities, a number of high-profile bias-motivated murders have been committed with firearms in Washington. For example, a Muslim man who stated that he was angry at Israel entered the Jewish Federation of Greater Seattle on July 28, 2006, and opened fire with a semi-automatic handgun, killing one woman and injuring five others. Earlier this year, a man used a dating app for gay and bisexual men to lure Dwone Anderson-Young and Ahmed Said to a Seattle nightclub and shot both men in the head at close range, killing them.
Federal law prohibits the sale of most firearms (including handguns) to people who live in a different state from where the sale is taking place. Dealers who have a Federal Firearms License (FFL) may sell rifles or shotguns to people who live in a different state, but only if this would comply with the laws of both the state where the sale is taking place and the state where the person lives. Texas law does not prohibit Texans from buying firearms in a different state.
In order to purchase a firearm legally through a Federal Firearms Licensed dealer, the buyer must be 18 years old to purchase rifles, shotguns and ammunition. Buyers looking to purchase handguns must be at least 21 years old. No permits or registration are required to own a firearm in this state.
Both state and federal laws provide that the dealer may deliver the handgun to the purchaser after a three business day period, if OSP does not provide notice that the purchaser has been approved or denied.
You can only ship a handgun by common carrier (but not U.S. mail) and a long gun by U.S. mail or common carrier to a federally licensed retailer, but not to a non-licensed individual in another state. With all carriers, federal law requires you to declare that your package contains an unloaded firearm. To be safe, always consult your carrier in advance about its regulations for shipping firearms.
Matt Larosiere is with the Firearms Policy Coalition, which led the challenge to California's law. He says it's bad enough that federal law bans adults under age 21 from buying handguns from licensed dealers; he says it's worse when states bar that same age group from buying rifles and other long guns.
An initiative to the legislature (I-978) looks to prohibit the sale of firearms and ammunition to individuals under the age of 21. Under current Washington law, the minimum age to purchase a handgun is 21, but semiautomatic rifles and shotguns can be purchased at age 18. The initiative, sponsored by Washington resident Jeremiah Buckles, would essentially align the age requirements for all firearms in the state and prohibit the sale of ammunition and the components to build live ammunition to those under 21.
As a general rule, a person may legally open-carry without a permit in Washington state in any place it is legal to possess a loaded handgun, as long as it does not manifest \"an intent to intimidate another or [warrant] alarm for the safety of other persons.\" A properly holstered visible handgun will not generally fall under that clause. To open-carry a loaded handgun in a vehicle (e.g, car, bus, etc ...) a person must have a valid concealed pistol license. The county sheriff or city police chief shall issue a concealed pistol license to any applicant, age 21 or older, who meets certain requirements, including no felony convictions, no misdemeanor domestic violence convictions, and no outstanding warrants. Open carrying of firearms without a permit is not prohibited by state law.
Washington concealed pistol licenses will be recognized in the following states, and concealed weapons licenses issued in the listed states will be recognized in Washington State, so long as the handgun is carried in accordance with Washington law: Idaho (Idaho Enhanced Permit only), Kansas, Louisiana, Michigan (non-resident concealed pistol licenses issued by Washington state are not recognized by Michigan), North Carolina, North Dakota (Class 1 North Dakota permits only), Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota (South Dakota Enhanced Permit only. Restricted 18 to 20 year old Enhanced Permit is not recognized by Washington) and Utah. 59ce067264